There were lots of ten dollar bills issued during the 1870s. However, there were really only three different design types.
All things equal, the rarest ten dollar bill from the 1870s is the 1878 silver certificate. 1878 marks the first year that silver certificates were issued. The ten dollar denomination is the smallest denomination printed for that specific series. Prices range widely based on the condition of each note. Signatures are also very important.
1869 saw a ten dollar bill design that featured a portrait of Daniel Webster and a vignette with Pocahontas The same design was used in 1875 and 1878. However, the overprints and serial numbers can be different. Collectors call this particular note a jackass because when you turn the bill upside down then the eagle looks like the head of a donkey. These are valued based on their condition and signature combination.
National bank notes were issued during the 1870s. There were technically three different types issued. We have two pictured below. Original series and series of 1875 ten dollar national bank notes are available from hundreds of different towns. Original series notes have a spiked red seal and were used before 1875. The other type has a rounded seal (as pictured). It was issued for 1875 and later. Due to the way these notes were printed, many different dates can appear on them, including: 1870, 1871, 1872, 1873, 1874, 1875, 1876, 1877, 1878, and 1879. National gold bank notes were printed by national banks in California in the 1870s. These can be very rare.
The value of any national bank note is based purely on its condition, serial number, and bank of issue. Some are worth hundreds of dollars, others are worth thousands. There is no online price guide available. You have to work with an expert to find the value.
We are available to help with appraisals of any $10 bill. Just send us some pictures of what you have and we can go from there. We always include our best offer as well if you are looking to sell. We look forward to hearing from you. Sales@AntiqueMoney.com